A whole lot of 1000’s of kids at greater threat from coronavirus an infection are to be provided a Covid vaccine within the UK.
Nonetheless, the overwhelming majority of kids won’t be immunised.
Which kids will likely be provided the vaccine?
The proof on the harms and advantages of vaccination has been reviewed by the UK’s Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI).
It has advisable vaccinating kids aged 12-15 if they’re at greater threat of Covid on account of:
- Extreme neurodisability (which may embody circumstances akin to cerebral palsy, autism or epilepsy)
- Down’s syndrome
- A severely weakened immune system, together with some kids with most cancers
- Profound and a number of studying difficulties
These at greater threat who’re already aged 16 or 17 may be vaccinated beneath present guidelines.
The JCVI has additionally advisable immunising 12-17 12 months olds who stay with individuals who have a suppressed immune system, as a type of oblique safety.
What about those that are practically 18?
Younger people who find themselves inside three months of turning 18 will even be provided the jab.
Born in the summertime, they’d be the youngest of their lessons. The goal could be to get them protected earlier than going to school or beginning work.
Which vaccine will they get?
Will probably be the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine.
That is the one vaccine that has been permitted to be used in kids within the UK. The medicines and security regulator has given a license for the vaccine for use within the over 12s.
Is the Covid vaccine secure for kids?
No drugs is totally secure and all are a stability of threat and profit.
However the Pfizer jab would not have been permitted for UK use if it wasn’t thought of secure.
The vaccine has been linked to extremely uncommon instances of irritation of the center muscle (myocaritis) and of the sac the center beats inside (pericarditis). This was discovered to be extra widespread in youthful males and after a second dose.
However the European Medicines Company – which approves vaccines for the European Union – says there have been one-to-two instances per million folks given the vaccine. Practically everybody made a full restoration.
What are different nations doing?
Many nations have already determined to vaccinate kids over the age of 12 – together with Canada and Brazil.
The EU permitted the Pfizer vaccine for over-12s in Could – after a examine discovered an analogous immune response in 12- to 15-year-olds as for 16- to 25-year-olds. Kids had been additionally discovered to expertise the identical widespread negative effects, akin to complications.
Each Pfizer and Moderna are conducting trials of their vaccines on kids as younger as six months outdated.
Will all UK kids be provided the vaccine?
The federal government’s vaccine advisors say the advantages of being vaccinated are very small in wholesome kids. It’s because so few kids develop into significantly sick or die from Covid.
The JCVI additionally says the profit to adults from vaccinating kids (to restrict the unfold of Covid) is unclear as so many weak folks have been immunised already. It additionally says there isn’t a clear proof that vaccinating kids will forestall kids from getting long-Covid.
Nonetheless, the JCVI is ready for extra security and effectiveness knowledge to see if extra kids needs to be provided jabs.
There isn’t a vaccine at present permitted to be used within the beneath 12s within the UK.
What number of kids have died from Covid?
Virtually all kids and younger individuals are at very low threat from Covid-19.
Information for England suggests about 25 kids died from Covid within the first 12 months of the pandemic.
Nearly all of them additionally had extreme well being issues, together with advanced neurodisabilities.
Solely six had no recorded well being circumstances.